Diabetic Neuropathy: Are you Aware?

July 22, 2022

There are several things you should be aware of if you have Diabetes Mellitus. Peripheral neuropathy is the most serious of Diabetes mellitus consequences. Most of you will be able to associate your symptoms with diabetic neuropathy, which you have been neglecting but are suffering from, by the conclusion of this essay.


Diabetic neuropathy is the most prevalent consequence of diabetes mellitus (DM), affecting up to 50% of type 1 and type 2 DM patients. Diabetes-related elevated blood sugar levels can harm neurons over time. So we recommend that you look at the list below to have a sense of the symptoms and indications that it displays, which should be documented and discussed with your doctor during your next appointment.


Tingling: My feet tingle. I feel “pins and needles” in my feet.

Pain:

  • My feet are burning, stabbing, or shooting with pain.
  • My feet are extremely tactile. For example, having the bed sheets contact my feet might be painful at times.
  • I sometimes think I'm wearing socks or gloves when I'm not.
  • My feet hurt at night.
  • My feet and hands get very cold or very hot.

Numbness or Weakness:

  • My feet are numb and feel dead.
  • Even when I have injuries or sores on my feet, I don't experience discomfort.
  • I can’t feel my feet when I’m walking.
  • My foot and leg muscles are weak.
  • I’m losing balance when I stand or walk.
  • I have trouble feeling heat or cold in my feet or hands

Others:

  • It seems like the muscles and bones in my feet have changed shape.
  • I have ulcers on my feet and legs. These ulcers heal very slowly.
  • indigestion, nausea, or vomiting
  • diarrhoea or constipation
  • dizziness or faintness after standing or sitting up
  • problems with urination
  • erectile dysfunction in men or vaginal dryness in women
  • Weakness

Symptoms that are not due to nephropathy, but often accompany it, including weight loss and depression.

People who are at risk among those suffering from Diabetes mellitus are:

  • Diabetics can have nerve disorders at any age, although the risk increases with age and diabetes duration.
  • People with diabetes for at least 25 years have the greatest prevalence of neuropathy.
  • Diabetic neuropathies also appear to be more common in people who have problems controlling their blood sugar, as well as those with high levels of blood pressure and those who are overweight.

Why do I need to be aware of the symptoms? Can diabetic neuropathies be prevented?

  • Yes. Keeping blood sugar levels as near to normal as possible is the best strategy to avoid neuropathy. Keeping blood sugar levels stable protects nerves throughout the body. Blood glucose levels can be controlled via blood sugar monitoring, meal planning, physical exercise, and diabetes medications or insulin.

Diagnosis:

  • Foot Examination
  • Nerve Conduction Studies and Electromyography (EMG)

Treatment: To cure nerve damage, you must keep your blood sugar levels within your goal range, quit smoking and drink less alcohol, manage your pain, and protect your feet. Many people get sad as a result of nerve injury and may require depression medication as well as counselling. There are medications available to ease pain and lessen burning, numbness, and tingling. Consult with one of our Pain Physicians to determine the best treatment choices for you.


Book an appointment at 022-61676633


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