Cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer among women in India after breast cancer. There are 453.02 million women in India aged 15 and above who are at risk of having cervical cancer. A recent Report in 2017 submitted by ICO HPV Information Centre projects every year 122844 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 67477 die from the disease.
What causes Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is caused due to the infection of the Human papillomavirus (HPV).
This infection is due to sexual contact. All Sexually active women contract HPV at some time in their lifetime but most will never even know it since it causes no symptoms. The body has the power to clear the HPV infection on its own and the terminal cells return to normal.
Risk or Chances of HPV infections increase in women who
Precautions & Preventions for HPV infection
Cancer does not come suddenly. The virus will cause slow abnormal cell changes and eventually can progress to cancer. Hence, it is important to catch the infection when the precancerous changes take place so that treatment can result in a cure.
Females who are sexually active may also benefit from vaccination, but the protection rate may be less as they may have already been exposed to one or more of the HPV types targeted by the vaccines.
FDA has approved three vaccines (Cervarix, Gardasil and Gardasil 9) to prevent HPV infection.
The cost of the HPV vaccine in India is approx Rs 6000 for three doses of Cervarix and approx. Rs 8400 for Gardasil.
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