Did you know that the Cervical Cancer Vaccine Exists?

Team HealthAssure
July 22, 2022

Cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer among women in India after breast cancer. There are 453.02 million women in India aged 15 and above who are at risk of having cervical cancer. A recent Report in 2017 submitted by ICO HPV Information Centre projects every year 122844 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 67477 die from the disease.

What causes Cervical Cancer? 

Cervical cancer is caused due to the infection of the Human papillomavirus (HPV).

This infection is due to sexual contact. All Sexually active women contract HPV at some time in their lifetime but most will never even know it since it causes no symptoms. The body has the power to clear the HPV infection on its own and the terminal cells return to normal.

Risk or Chances of HPV infections increase in women who

  1. Increased number of sexual partners
  2. More Sexually active women between the age of 20- 24 are most likely to be infected
  3. Women are active with a single partner but the partner has multiple other partners
  4. Who smoke
  5. Women who have been on birth control pills for long
  6. HIV positive or by a compromised immune system

Precautions & Preventions for HPV infection 

Cancer does not come suddenly. The virus will cause slow abnormal cell changes and eventually can progress to cancer. Hence, it is important to catch the infection when the precancerous changes take place so that treatment can result in a cure.

  • The Pap test can detect abnormal cells on the cervix and eliminate them before cancer starts. Abnormal cells frequently return to normal over time, although they can occasionally develop into cancer. Depending on the severity of the cells and the woman's age, medical history, and other test findings, these cells can typically be treated.
  • Vaccination against Human Papilloma Virus: The World Health Organization recommends the vaccine for all girls between 9 and 13 years because the vaccine is highly immunogenic at this age. Only two doses of the vaccine administered at a 6 to 12-month interval are enough to protect girls under 15 years of age. Girls and women above the age of 15, and those who are immuno-compromised, such as those living with HIV, require three doses.

Females who are sexually active may also benefit from vaccination, but the protection rate may be less as they may have already been exposed to one or more of the HPV types targeted by the vaccines.

Recommended Vaccination

FDA has approved three vaccines (Cervarix, Gardasil and Gardasil 9) to prevent HPV infection.

The cost of the HPV vaccine in India is approx Rs 6000 for three doses of Cervarix and approx. Rs 8400 for Gardasil.

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What’s a Rich Text element?

What’s a Rich Text element?

What’s a Rich Text element?

What’s a Rich Text element?
What’s a Rich Text element?

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